NEW YORK – The Philippines led the successful negotiation of the resolution “Implementation of the Third United Nations Decade for the Eradication of Poverty (2018–2027),” which was adopted today by consensus by the Second Committee of the U.N. General Assembly. This resolution is notable for being one of the longest in text length among Second Committee resolutions. The process, involving detailed intergovernmental negotiations, spanned over a month, reflecting the resolution's complexity and significance.
Ambassador Leila C. Lora-Santos, the Philippines' Second Deputy Permanent Representative to the United Nations, played a crucial role in facilitating these negotiations. Her diplomatic skills and extensive experience were pivotal in guiding these discussions to a successful conclusion. The Philippines, in collaboration with Chile, co-facilitated the informal consultations, highlighting their commitment to addressing global poverty.
The resolution emphasizes that decent work for all remains a key pathway out of poverty and recognizes that access to relevant and quality education has a significant impact on alleviating poverty and breaking intergenerational poverty traps.
Furthermore, the resolution acknowledges the urgent need to address poverty in all its forms and dimensions, including extreme poverty, hunger, malnutrition, and food insecurity. It calls for complementing national efforts with concrete, effective, and supportive international programs, measures, and policies, and stresses the importance of strengthening national statistical capacities and monitoring systems.
The Second Committee plenary session adopts by consensus the resolution entitled “Implementation of the Third United Nations Decade for the Eradication of Poverty (2018-2027)” (UN photo)
In terms of practical actions, the resolution urges the international community to enhance cooperation and allocate resources towards the development of both rural and urban areas, sustainable agriculture, and fisheries. It emphasizes support for smallholder farmers, particularly women farmers, herders, and fishers in developing countries. The resolution also advocates for increased investments in human capital to empower individuals to fulfill their potential as productive members of society. This includes facilitating the structural transformation of developing economies through investments in universally accessible quality education and training, encompassing digital skills training.
Additionally, the resolution encourages the international community to avoid hoarding food and commodities, maintain open trade channels and markets for the movement of food, energy, fertilizer, and other agricultural inputs and outputs, and work towards eliminating all forms of protectionism. This effort aims to prevent a food crisis by ensuring that food is distributed to consumers at affordable prices, particularly in low-income and emerging-market economies.
The Philippines’ lead role in the resolution is in line with the country’s development priorities and strategies as contained in the Philippine Development Plan 2023-2028, with its overall goal to reinvigorate job creation and accelerate poverty reduction towards a prosperous, inclusive and resilient society.
The Second Committee of the UN General Assembly is the Committee in charge of Economic and Financial matters. It is also the Committee in charge of development issues as it is the main Committee that deliberates on the implementation of the 2030 Agenda and its Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).